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Aims: To provide a baseline for the configuration of Automated Fingerprint Verification System (AFVS) in the face of changing weather and environmental conditions in order to ensure performance accuracy.
Study Design: Statistical and theoretical research approaches.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, between July 2017 and July 2018.
Methodology: Data set were collected in the South-South geopolitical zone of Nigeria. We use 10,000 minutiae points defined by location and orientation features extracted from fingerprint samples obtained at 9 various physical and environmental conditions over 12 months period. These data were used to formulate linear regression models that were used as constraints to the verification objective function derived as constrained linear least squares. The effects of the changing weather and environmental conditions were incorporated into the optimised point-set matching model in order to minimise the total relative error on location and orientation differences between pairs of minutiae. The model was implemented using interior-point convex quadratic programming was implemented in Matlab.
Results: The results obtained from the optimisation function by adjusting the thresholds of the effects of weather and environmental conditions to 0.0, 0.0 for location and orientation properties of minutiae, respectively, showed minimal total relative errors on the corresponding pairs of matched minutiae, when compared with using the default threshold values of the selected conditions.
Conclusion: The optimisation of point-set based model could provide a computational basis for accurate fingerprint verification for low and high-security AFVS in unfavourable conditions if they are incorporated into the matching model. However, further validation and evaluation of the model with data sets from regions with similar weather and environmental conditions is needed to further validate its robustness in terms of performance accuracy